(n)Code Solutions
The FAQ section answers all your questions, whether they are related to the Digital Certificates, their usage, applications, Certifying Authorities or any technical question you may have. If this section doesn't answer your questions please feel free to contact our Helpdesk +91-079-26857316 / 17 / 18 Email : support@ncodesolutions.com
       • What is a Certifying Authority?
       • Who can be a Certifying Authority (CA)?
       • What is a Subordinate CA (Sub CA)?
       • What is a Registration Authority (RA)?
       • What is a Local Registration Authority (LRA)?
       • Where can I locate the (n)Code Solutions LRA nearest to my place?
       • What are Certificate Policies (CP)?
       • What is a Certification Practice Statement (CPS)?
       • What is a Digital Signature?
       • Are Digital Signatures legally valid in India?
       • What is a Digital Certificate?
       • What is the relationship between public keys and Digital Certificates?
       • Is there any difference between Digital Certificate and Digital Signature
       • Why do I need a Digital Certificates?
       • Where can I use Digital Certificates?
       • How does a Digital Certificate work?
       • What are the different types/classes of Digital Certificates provided by (n)Code Solutions?
       • What is the validity period of the (n)Code Solutions' Digital Certificates?
       • How much do the different (n)Code Solutions' Digital Certificates cost?
       • What payment mechanisms does (n)Code Solutions accept?
       • Can some one else purchase and utilize a Digital Certificate for me or on my behalf?
       • How can I apply for a Digital Certificate?
       • What are the different steps in processing an application for a Digital Certificate?
       • Can I use an accent, circumflex or any other international character in my enrollment information?
       • Can I send my application request for Digital Certificate through mail?
       • Can I be sure that my confidential information will not be misused during enrollment for obtaining a Digital
       • I have submitted my application for Digital Certificate, but now I have decided to cancel my request. Will I get a
       • What is the reason for refusal of my request for a Digital Certificate?
       • What does "Relying Party" mean?
       • What is Subscriber Agreement?
       • What is Certificate Issuance?
       • Can a person have two Digital Certificates; say one for office and other for personal use?
       • What actually happens when I digitally sign any transaction?
       • What is the difference between signing and encrypting e-mail?
       • Can I send secure e-mail to someone who does not have a Digital Certificate?
       • How do I know if the e-mail I receive is signed or encrypted?
       • I have a new e-mail address. Can I update my Digital Certificate?
       • I want to attach my digital signature for my email account at yahoo.com, how can I?
       • Can I use one Digital Certificate for multiple email addresses?
       • I have downloaded Digital Certificate . Will it get automatically connected to "Outlook"?
       • I have taken Digital Certificate, but when my client opened my email in yahoo.com he was not able to verify my
         Digital Certificate but he got smime.p7m file with it, what is it?
       • How can one digitally sign email using Outlook Web Access service provided by Microsoft Exchange Server,
         when that person is in remote places?
       • My name has changed. Can I keep using the same Digital Certificate issued by (n)Code Solutions?
       • What is the scope of using digital signatures in the e-tendering system?
       • Can digital signature be employed in a wireless network?
       • I have purchased a Digital Certificate as individual. Can I use it for my website?
       • Is the information contained in my Digital Certificate automatically sent to the websites I visit?
       • Which Cryptographic Service Provider (CSP) I have to select while downloading a Digital Certificate?
       • Why do I need to validate a Digital Certificate?
       • What are the various validation mechanisms available?
       • What is a CRL?
       • What is CRL Validation?
       • What is Certificate Revocation?
       • How do I revoke my current Digital Certificate, and how long does it take?
       • What is the procedure to initiate revocation request?
       • Can some one else revoke my certificate?
       • Whom should I inform if my private key is compromised? What charges do I have to pay for revocation of my
         Digital Certificate?
       • Where can I check whether the (n)Code Solutions Digital Certificate is revoked or not?
       • I did not renew the certificate within the expiry date, what should I do now?
       • How do I renew my certificate?
       • Why should I save a backup copy of my Digital Certificate?
       • Will unplugging my computer disrupt my Digital Certificate?
       • How do I protect my Digital Certificate/Private key?
       • What if some one copies my Digital Certificate?
       • What does my Private Key look like?
       • How is my Digital Certificate's private key protected?
       • I forgot my private key password. Can someone change it for me?
       • I accidentally deleted my Digital Certificate from my PC's hard disk drive. What should I do now?
       • My PC's hard disk drive crashed. Is there any way to recover my Digital Certificate?
       • My computer was stolen. What should I do to protect my Digital Certificate?
       • Can more than one person store their Digital Certificate on a computer?
       • How do I transfer my Digital Certificate to a new computer?
       • I deleted Microsoft Internet Explorer and installed the latest version. How do I reinstall my Digital Certificate?
       • I deleted Netscape Navigator and installed the latest version. How do I reinstall my Digital Certificate?
       • Can I use my Digital Certificate with more than one browser or e-mail application (for example, with Netscape
         Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer)?
       • I deleted my old Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator and installed the latest version. How do I
         reinstall my Digital Certificate?
       • [Master Password] is asked when I am proceeding in the certificate acquisition for Netscape. Is Challenge Code
         and Master Password the same?
       • I checked my Digital Certificate, and the following message appeared :" This certificate is not trusted.". What
         does this mean?
       • What is SSL (secure socket layer) and how does it work?
       • I want to utilize one web server (SSL) certificate for more than one website, can I?
       • What should users verify before trusting an SSL certified website?
       • What is PKI?
       • What is cryptography?
       • What is secret key cryptography?
       • What is Public Key Cryptography?
       • What is authentication?
       • What is encryption?
       • What is decryption?
       • What is non-repudiation?
       • What is Private Key?
       • What is Smart Card?
       • What is an e-token?
       • What is key agreement protocol?
       • What is a digital envelope?
       • What is a hash algorithm?
       • What is digital time stamping?
       • What are Public Key Cryptography Standards?
       • What is Cryptographic Service Provider?
       • What is a Distinguished Name (DNs)?
       • What is SSL (secure socket layer)?
       • What is MIME?
       • What is S/MIME?
       • What do X.509 and X.500 mean?
       • What is Certificate Validation Mechanism?
       • What is Certificate Validation?
       • What is OCSP Validation?
       • What is CAM?
  Certifying Authority
  a) What is a Certifying Authority?
    A Certifying Authority is a trusted body whose central responsibility is to issue, revoke, renew and provide directories of Digital Certificates. In real meaning, the function of a Certifying Authority is equivalent to that of the passport issuing office in the Government. A passport is a citizen's secure document (a "paper identity"), issued by an appropriate authority, certifying that the citizen is who he or she claims to be. Any other country trusting the authority of that country's Government passport Office will trust the citizen's passport.

Similar to a passport, a user's certificate is issued and signed by a Certifying Authority and acts as a proof . Anyone trusting the Certifying Authority can also trust the user's certificate.

According to section 24 under Information Technology Act 2000 "Certifying Authority" means a person who has been granted a licence to issue Digital Signature Certificates.
  b) Who can be a Certifying Authority (CA)?
    The IT Act 2000 gives details of who can act as a CA. Accordingly a prospective CA has to establish the required infrastructure, get it audited by the auditors appointed by the office of Controller of Certifying Authorities, and only based on complete compliance of the requirements, a license to operate as a Certifying Authority can be obtained. The license is issued by the Controller of Certifying Authority, Ministry of Information Technology, Government of India.
  c) What is a Subordinate CA (Sub CA)?
    A Sub CA (Subordinate CA) means a Certifying Authority falling under the (n)Code Solution CA trust hierarchy. The private key of the (n)Code Solution CA is used to sign the Public Key of such Sub CA. Sub CA, though not specifically part of the IT act, can be an entity working under the CCA trust chain with all the responsibilities mandated by the IT Act being taken care of by the CA.
  d) What is a Registration Authority (RA)?
    A Registration Authority (RA) is responsible for initiating the certificate issuance process after receiving approved application request from the Local Registration Authority. Revocation requests for Digital Certificates from subscribers/ authorized representative of the subscriber are also handled by the RA.
  e) What is a Local Registration Authority (LRA)?
    An LRA (Local Registration Authority) is an agent of the Certifying Authority who collects the application forms for Digital Signature Certificates and related documents, does the verification and approves or rejects the application based on the results of the verification process.
  f) Where can I locate the (n)Code Solutions LRA nearest to my place?
    For getting contact details of LRA close to you, please visit
  g) What are Certificate Policies (CP)?
    Certifying Authorities issue Digital Certificates that are appropriate to specific purposes or applications. Certificate Policies describe the different classes of certificates issued by the CA, the procedures governing their issuance and revocation and terms of usage of such certificates and among other things the rules governing the different uses of these certificates.
What is a Certification Practice Statement (CPS) ?
    A statement of the practices, which a certification authority employs in issuing and managing certificates. A CPS may take the form of a declaration by the CA of the details of its trustworthy system and the practices it employs in its operations and in support of issuance of a certificate. General CPS framework is given in the guidelines.
(n)Code will now issue Digital Signature Certificates as per New Interoperability Guidelines ver 2.5 || Notifications by office of CCA for issuance of digital signature certificate :: Notification 1 , Notification 2, Notification 3. || "Time Stamp Authentication services launched" www.timestamping.in || 
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Information on Interoperability Guidelines Updated : 28/04/2016 ©2016 (n)Code Solutions. All Rights Reserved